Grain Rain on April 20, 2023: Spring goes to summer, there is no rest in the rain, and a hundred grains are planted in the fields
News from IT House on April 20 At 16:14 on April 20, Beijing time, Grain Rain, one of the twenty-four solar terms, will be ushered in, and it is also the last solar term in spring. As the saying goes, “Qingming breaks the snow, Grain Rain breaks the frost”, which means that we will basically bid farewell to the cold weather, and the temperature will rise faster, and the taste of summer will begin to appear.“In the rainy season, it is the day for planting grain, and the south slope and north depression are busy planting cotton.” This is a good time for crops to grow..
①Today ushers in the last solar term of spring, Grain Rain;②Grain Rain connects “valley” and “rain”, implying the meaning of “rain produces a hundred valleys”.;③ During the rainy season, spring will come to an end, and all things will show a vigorous growth attitude; For Lixia. Are you ready for summer?
Grain Rain Origin
Every year on April 19, 20 or 21, when the sun reaches 30° of the yellow longitude, it is grain rain. Its name comes from the ancient saying that “rain produces a hundred grains”. “The Collection of Seventy-two Hours of the Moon Order” says, “In the middle of March, after the rain, the soil paste pulsed, and now it rains the valleys in the water…Gaigu is sown at this time, from bottom to top”, so named.
There are still some legends about the origin of Grain Rain, first of all, the relationship with Cangjie. According to the records of “Huainanzi”, Cangjie’s creation of characters was an earth-shattering event. The Yellow Emperor issued an edict in the late spring and early summer, announcing the success of Cangjie’s creation of characters. , and called on the subjects of the world to learn from it. Because of Cangjie’s merits in creating characters, the Jade Emperor also gave the world a millet rain to comfort the holy merit. This is the current “grain rain” solar term.
Solar term calculation
Interpretation of the formula: Y = the last 2 digits of the year, D=0.2422, L = the number of leap years, C=20.1 in the 21st century, C=20.888 in the 20th century.
For example: Grain Rain date in 2088 = (88×0.2422+20.1)-(88÷4)=41-22=19, April 19th is Grain Rain.
In ancient China, Grain Rain was divided into three periods: “The first period is when the duckweed begins to grow; the second period is when the dove crows and the feathers are brushed; the third period is when Dai Sheng descends on the mulberry.” It means that after the Grain Rain, the rainfall increases and the duckweed begins to grow. Then the cuckoo began to remind people to sow seeds, and then the hoopoe began to be seen on the mulberry trees.
The Huaihe River Basin is the transition area between the spring rain in the south of the Yangtze River and the spring drought in the north. From the Qinling Mountains and the vicinity of the Huaihe River to the north, the spring rain decreases sharply. The proverb goes: “There is often a lack of rain in the Qingming Festival”, which means that during these two solar terms, there is a shortage of rain. During Grain Rain, people in Hainan Island, Western Sichuan, Western Guangxi, Northwest China, and Northern China are more eager for rainwater. In general, there are many sunny days, strong sunshine, high evaporation, windy sand, and dry air. Rainwater at this time is as expensive as oil.
Entering the Grain Rain solar term, in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the south of the Yangtze River in our country, it often starts to be rainy, and especially in South China, once the cold air meets the warm and humid air, it often forms a longer period of rainy weather, and it enters the annual front. flood season. The strong convective weather wrapped in clouds and rain will not only bring disasters such as hail and thunderstorms, but some will also be accompanied by short-term, local heavy rainstorms or extremely heavy rainstorms, and the rainfall in 24 hours can reach more than 300 or 400 mm , causing rivers to overflow and severe waterlogging, and longer rainstorms can also cause mudslides, landslides and other disasters.
According to the twenty-four solar terms, grain rain is the last solar term in spring. Grain rain in late spring means that spring is coming to an end and summer is approaching. There are fewer cases of cold air invading southward, but cold air activities affecting the north are not stop. After all, from the end of April to the beginning of May, the temperature is much higher than that in March, the soil is dry and loose; the air layer is unstable, the upper layer wind momentum is transmitted downward, and the frontal cyclone is active, which together cause strong wind and dusty weather are common. The large-scale floating dust weather, the dim yellow sky, and the falling yellow dust eclipsed the poet’s depiction of the scene of grass growing and warblers flying, flowers blooming and willows green, and spring full of vitality.
strong convective weather
Generally speaking, April to August is the peak period of strong convective weather in a year. In May, in many areas in the south, there will be a significant increase in local thunderstorms, hail, strong winds, tornadoes and other disastrous weather. Lightning protection, hail protection, and wind protection are on the agenda.
Grain Rain custom
Sacrifice to the sea
During the rainy season, the sea water warms up, and a hundred fish travel to the shallow sea, which is a good day for fishing in the sea. As the saying goes: “Riding the Grain Rain to go to the market.” In order to go to sea safely and return with a full load, fishermen will hold a sea sacrifice on the day of Grain Rain to pray for the blessing of the sea god. Therefore, the Grain Rain Festival is also called the “Zhuang Xing Festival” for fishermen to go fishing. In the old days, there were sea temples or Niangniang temples in every village by the sea. When the time for offering sacrifices came, fishermen would carry offerings to the temple to offer sacrifices. , the scene was very grand.
go valley rain
In ancient times, there was a custom of “walking to the valley rain”. On the day of the valley rain, young women went to the village to visit relatives, and some went to the field for a walk and then came back. It means integration with nature and strengthening the body.
Before and after Grain Rain is the period when peony flowers bloom, so peony flowers are also called Grain Rain Flowers and Fortune Flowers. “Seeing peonies in three dynasties during the Grain Rain”, the custom of appreciating peonies during the rainy season has lasted for thousands of years, and has become an important entertainment activity for people in their leisure time. Up to now, peony flower fairs have been held in Heze, Shandong, Luoyang, Henan, and Pengzhou, Sichuan during the rainy season for people to have fun and get together.
Ban killing five poisons
After Grain Rain, the temperature rises, and pests and diseases enter a period of high multiplication. In order to reduce the damage of pests and diseases to crops and people, farmers go to the fields to eliminate insects, and at the same time post “scorpion ban spells” to pray to drive away bad luck. This custom is very popular in Shandong, Shanxi and Shaanxi. The “Forbidden Scorpion Curse” is also called Guyu stickers. It belongs to a kind of folk painting. In the three months of grain rain, snakes and scorpions will never grow”, “In the three months of grain rain, the old man descended to the sky, with the seven-star sword in his hand, and single-handedly slashed the scorpion spirit” and other text descriptions, entrusting people to check and kill insects, hope for a good harvest, and peace of mind.
drink Grain Rain tea
It is said that drinking tea on the day of Guyu can clear fire, ward off evil spirits, improve eyesight, etc. Therefore, there is a custom of picking tea during Guyu in the south. No matter what the weather is on Guyu, people will go to the tea mountain to pick some new tea and drink it to pray for health.
Grain Rain Health
As the rainfall increases after the Grain Rain solar term, the humidity in the air gradually increases. At this time, we should follow the changes of the natural solar terms in our health preservation and take care of its climate characteristics. After the Grain Rain solar term is the onset period of neuralgia, such as intercostal neuralgia, sciatica, and trigeminal neuralgia. At the same time, due to the warmer weather, people’s outdoor activities have increased, and peach blossoms and apricot blossoms in northern areas are blooming; catkins and catkins are flying everywhere. Friends with allergies should pay attention to prevent hay fever, allergic rhinitis, and allergic asthma.
In terms of emotions and sports, it is the same as keeping in good health during the Ching Ming Festival. Keep your mood comfortable and broad-minded. Listening to music, fishing, spring outings, Tai Chi, and walking can all cultivate your temperament. Don’t worry about anxiety or even get angry when things happen.
In the diet, the intake of high-protein and high-calorie foods should be reduced. In spring, the liver wood is vigorous and the spleen is weak. During the 15 days before and after Grain Rain and the last 3 days of Qingming, the spleen is in its vigorous period. An exuberant spleen will strengthen the stomach, thereby making the digestive function in a state of exuberance, which is conducive to the absorption of nutrients, so this is a good time to replenish the body. Doing a good job of keeping healthy during Grain Rain is of great significance to the smooth transition to summer.
Ancient Poems About Grain Rain
Chanting Poems of Twenty-Four Qi·Gu Yu Chun Guang Dawn
(Tang) Yuan Zhen
Grain rain spring dawn, mountains and rivers dark green.
Ye Jianming hoopoe, Zeshui long duckweed.
Silkworms and ants grow in warm houses, and wheat scapes are attracted by loud winds.
It’s unbearable to believe that the doves are blowing their feathers.
Thank you Master Zhong for sending tea
(Tang) Qi Ji
Before the rain in the spring valley, pick the fragrant smoke together.
The green is tender and difficult to fill the cage, and the clear and easy evening sky.
And invite neighbors to try to cook Luohuaquan.
The land is far away, and the work is sent to each other, and it will be another year when nothing comes.
Daohe Pavilion in Nanjing
(Song) Shi Hui
At the beginning of the valley rain, the clear edge rises,
Falling flowers and flowing water float together.
Dongfeng don’t sweep elm money,
To buy the remaining spring stay less.
Huanxi sand, red and purple makeup forest and green pond
(yuan) Qiu Yuan
The red and purple forest is full of green and the pool is full of gossamer and catkins.
Just when the valley rain cleared up.
Shooting ducks are dwarf and moss is slippery, and thrushes are late blooming on small thresholds.
A year snaps and spring returns.
(Ming) Fang Taigu
The spring is in decline, the alcoholism is cured, and the morning tea is harvested in the mountain rain.
There are two butterflies in the wind in front of the flowers, and a dove in the rain from time to time outside the forest.
There are no cranes in the blue sea and Danqiu, and there are fishing boats in the green coir raincoats and green hats.
The dust is full of smiles and floating dreams, and the head of Xian is trying to travel today.
Wen Wang Changling Zuoqian Longbiao sent this message
(Tang) Li Bai
When the poplar flowers are all gone, Zigui cries, and it is heard that the dragon crosses the five streams.
I send my sad heart and the bright moon, follow the wind to the west of Yelang.
On the way in the middle of spring, I sent Nanba Cuijun
(Tang) Zhou Pu
Travelers travel, and the spring air is harmonious.
In the sound of farming frogs, the return journey is in the grass.
I am ashamed of the rain alone, and the wind does not warm the sky.
Ziyu and Yu go, should be filled with pity and hatred.
(Qing) Zheng Banqiao
When it is neither wind nor rain, it is sunny and peaceful, and the green bamboo pavilion is very clean.
My favorite is when the night is cool and the guests come. A pot of new tea is used to soak pineapples.
Taste tea and send it to Yue monk Lingjiao
(Song) Lin Bu
There are two new guns under Baiyun Peak, and the green is long and fresh, and the valley is raining in spring.
Trying quietly is like snow on the lake, and remembering the people in Shanzhong.
A master of powder hanging from a bottle should have it, and I cherish the Qionghua with tendons.
When Qing talked about scratching his head, he would like to persuade Song Se to make three rounds.
tea picking song
(Qing) Emperor Qianlong
I didn’t like picking tea the day before yesterday, so I decided to give it to the manager;
Today I love to pick tea, Wu Min’s livelihood is natural.
Yunqi is near the mountain road, and it is not a place where officials prepare for clearing.
If there is nothing to do, avoid picking tea, and the men and women will work hard.
The tender pods and new shoots are carefully picked, and the Ming Dynasty is approaching while the grain rain is busy;
The price is expensive before the rain, and the price is cheap after the rain, and the hardships of the people are everywhere.
Sincerely the sincerity is not expensive, it is a pity that the old and the young go to the time;
There was never enough food and clothing, and the dragon and phoenix cakes were really tasteless.
(Tang) Cao Ye
The melon fields in Shaoping pick up my hut, and when the grain rain dries up, I hoe by hand.
Yesterday, the spring breeze was not here, so I was blown off the bed to read the remaining books.
Wu Bin’s wall
(Tang) Liao Rong
The round pond is green and level, and the fish leaps and the purple watercraft grows.
The main road is poor and powerless, and the old people in the deep village return their farmland.
The calf follows the original grass far away, and the frog cries near the fence.
Calling the tea river to go, the first time it is rainy and sunny.
(Song) Zhu Qian
The sky is scattered among the forests, and the empty eaves are written in dreams.
The Ming Dynasty knew that it was raining in the valley, but there was no way to ban the wind of flowers.
Shizhu harvested cleverly, and Yan Mino made great achievements.
Yue Qin keeps his mouth shut, and I send my way to God.
Butterflies in love with flowers, spring rises, a pole adds to the surface of the water
(Song) Fan Chengda
Spring rises to add water. The fragrant grass and geese are green and full of breeze. The painting boat makes a hundred turns in Yiyou Bay. The Hengtang Tower is close to the front and far away.
The Jiang country is cold and the farming is late. In the north of the village and in the south of the village, it is plowed only after the rain. Xiumai Liangang mulberry leaves are cheap. Take a look at the taste of new cocoons.
A piece of cloud in Wushan
(Song) Du Anshi
Laughing and imitating a wind play, pretending to be late and reminded by the rain. Colorful clouds fly down the willow tower. Qianduo bloomed for a while.
I am afraid that the dust will be stained, and I will be surprised and suspicious of the purple mansion. Sometimes the fragrance sprays into people’s arms. The soul-destroyer wanders around.
(Ming) Yu Yunwen
When the spring is sunny and every valley rains, the floods surround the forests and bamboos.
Chasing drunkenness and lingering lightly, wrapping flowers and hunting for strange fragrances.
Clusters of dwellings and hanging jade buildings, stacked to form a hidden golden room.
Spiritualization knows what technique, magic power sends medicine to the king.
This article was originally published by IT House in 2017, “Today’s Grain Rain: Chunhua is easy to pass away, and Xia Yi stretches his eyebrows”.